Delaware Data for Career Pathway Planning
    Introduction 

Employment data at the state and regional level play an important role in the approval of new Career Technical Education (CTE) programs. Such programs are more likely to be approved if there are sizeable projected job openings for occupations related to the educational program’s pathway and cluster. Another factor that supports program approval is a projected average wage for occupations in the pathway/cluster that is higher than the average wage for the state.

The federal Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Improvement Act of 2006 includes several references to High Skill, High Wage, or High Demand occupations. Not all high wage occupations require high skills (Bachelor’s degree or higher). In the next ten years nearly half of the job openings in the U.S. and Delaware will require middle-level skills.

The Delaware Department of Education, in collaboration with Delaware Department of Labor, developed definitions for "middle-skill, high-skill, high-wage, and high-demand" occupations as follows:

  • Middle Skill: Occupations requiring some type of post-secondary education (such as an apprenticeship, certification, or an Associate’s degree) but not a Bachelor’s degree; or High School education with some work experience or at least one month on-the-job training or credential attainment.

  • High Skill: Occupations requiring at least a Bachelor’s degree, or Associates’ Degree with either a required Residency/Internship or five years of experience.

  • High Wage: Occupations paying more than the Delaware all-industry statewide median wage ($39,902 in 2018).

  • High Demand: Occupations with at least 4 annual job openings due to growth in Delaware.

These designations of occupations help direct investment into educational programs that have the potential to be the most effective for student outcomes. Since program completers are likely to find employment in a wide range of related occupations under a career pathway or cluster, an attempt has been made to designate career pathways and clusters with the Middle Skill, High Skill, High Wage and High Demand designations. This framework provides the basis for linking program completion with cluster-wide job placement data to evaluate the effectiveness of CTE programs.

For more information, please contact the Delaware Department of Education by phone at 302.735.4015 or by email to Nicole Lawless at Nicole.Lawless@doe.k12.de.us.

U.S. and Mid-Atlantic States: Labor Market Summary Data
RegionEmployment
2018
Employment
Change 2016-26
Employment
Growth 2016-26
Avg. Wage
2018
United States144,733,270   11,518,500      7.4%           $51,960    
Delaware448,510   28,680      6.1%           $53,320    
District of Columbia712,370   60,280      7.6%           $87,920    
Maryland2,684,010   211,290      7.7%           $58,770    
New Jersey4,050,170   352,730      8.2%           $58,210    
Pennsylvania5,847,690   342,030      5.5%           $50,030    
Virginia3,832,840   417,700      10.2%           $55,310    
Delaware: Labor Market Summary Data by Career Clusters
Career ClusterMSHSHWHDEmployment
2018
Employment
Change 2016-26
Employment
Growth 2016-26
Avg. Wage
2018
Agriculture, Food & Natural Resources    3,930       245           3.6%           $53,441    
Architecture & Construction  26,570       2,035           7.1%           $51,975    
Arts, Audio/Video Technology & Communications  2,930       -28           -0.8%           $58,250    
Business Management & Administration   70,570       423           0.6%           $57,661    
Education & Training  26,550       1,777           6.7%           $60,410    
Finance 24,760       3,061           11.1%           $76,952    
Government & Public Administration 4,650       492           10.7%           $63,091    
Health Science 47,230       6,946           14.6%           $71,909    
Hospitality & Tourism   60,510       5,822           9.5%           $26,455    
Human Services   17,970       2,458           13.9%           $36,241    
Information Technology  15,990       1,628           12.2%           $93,932    
Law, Public Safety, Corrections & Security  17,520       815           5.2%           $66,005    
Manufacturing   26,160       -38           -0.1%           $45,034    
Marketing  52,210       603           1.1%           $43,704    
Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics   7,050       683           9.0%           $103,686    
Transportation, Distribution & Logistics   34,410       1,153           3.5%           $38,691    
Mid-Atlantic States: Labor Market Summary Data by Career Clusters
Career ClusterRegionEmployment
2018
Employment
Change 2016-26
Employment
Growth 2016-26
Avg. Wage
2018
Agriculture, Food & Natural ResourcesMid-Atlantic126,410 9,760     3.9%       $51,137 
Architecture & ConstructionMid-Atlantic1,001,460 107,650     9.2%       $54,836 
Arts, Audio/Video Technology & CommunicationsMid-Atlantic205,840 5,380     2.1%       $57,709 
Business Management & AdministrationMid-Atlantic3,154,600 102,940     3.1%       $63,265 
Education & TrainingMid-Atlantic1,098,020 95,970     8.2%       $61,872 
FinanceMid-Atlantic689,640 51,060     6.9%       $83,378 
Government & Public AdministrationMid-Atlantic142,660 8,880     6.0%       $65,871 
Health ScienceMid-Atlantic1,648,140 275,700     16.1%       $68,265 
Hospitality & TourismMid-Atlantic2,083,780 220,860     10.3%       $26,974 
Human ServicesMid-Atlantic773,870 146,310     15.5%       $36,836 
Information TechnologyMid-Atlantic650,940 75,990     11.6%       $97,503 
Law, Public Safety, Corrections & SecurityMid-Atlantic695,580 29,170     4.0%       $67,996 
ManufacturingMid-Atlantic1,020,830 29,540     2.4%       $46,118 
MarketingMid-Atlantic1,876,270 82,420     4.1%       $48,488 
Science, Technology, Engineering & MathematicsMid-Atlantic306,740 27,220     8.5%       $105,727 
Transportation, Distribution & LogisticsMid-Atlantic1,442,790 125,930     8.5%       $39,307 

 

United States: Labor Market Summary Data by Career Clusters
Career ClusterRegionEmployment
2018
Employment
Change 2016-26
Employment
Growth 2016-26
Avg. Wage
2018
Agriculture, Food & Natural ResourcesUnited States1,500,510 119,600     3.7%       $44,128 
Architecture & ConstructionUnited States8,958,030 1,108,200     10.6%       $53,164 
Arts, Audio/Video Technology & CommunicationsUnited States1,844,340 39,300     1.5%       $55,768 
Business Management & AdministrationUnited States24,814,700 589,000     2.2%       $58,133 
Education & TrainingUnited States8,954,780 1,021,900     9.6%       $60,524 
FinanceUnited States5,566,460 477,100     7.9%       $78,829 
Government & Public AdministrationUnited States1,173,600 87,300     7.4%       $62,108 
Health ScienceUnited States13,078,600 2,487,500     18.2%       $67,355 
Hospitality & TourismUnited States18,619,830 1,731,300     8.8%       $26,873 
Human ServicesUnited States6,363,450 1,494,700     18.6%       $35,435 
Information TechnologyUnited States4,184,740 551,600     13.1%       $91,249 
Law, Public Safety, Corrections & SecurityUnited States5,152,800 289,500     5.4%       $61,427 
ManufacturingUnited States10,503,740 -140,300     -1.1%       $44,260 
MarketingUnited States15,981,880 643,300     3.7%       $45,702 
Science, Technology, Engineering & MathematicsUnited States2,152,550 184,200     8.5%       $100,259 
Transportation, Distribution & LogisticsUnited States11,826,020 830,600     6.7%       $40,292 

 

 • A blank numerical table cell indicates the data is not available.
 • Sources: Delaware Department of Labor and U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics
 • Mid-Atlantic includes Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Virginia.
 • MS, HS, HW and HD are abbreviations for Middle Skill, High Skill, High Wage and High Demand Occupations
 • MS & HS Cluster/Pathway: A Cluster/Pathway is designated as MS if, within the cluster/pathway, the percentage of MS occupations is at least thirty (30) percent
   of the total number of occupations reported for that cluster/pathway. The same process is used to determine HS clusters/pathways.
 • HW & HD Cluster/Pathway: A Cluster/Pathway is designated as HW if, within the cluster/pathway, the total employment for HW occupations is greater than the
   total employment for non-HW occupations. The same process is used to determine HD for clusters/pathways.